• MEDICAL CONDITION
Infertility

Infertility

Synonyms: Sterility, Sterile

DESCRIPTION

'Infertility' is a term used to describe the situation where a couple is unable to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of having regular, unprotected sex, or after 6 months if the woman is older than 35 years of age. In one-third of infertile couples, the problem is with the woman. In one-third of infertile couples, the problem is with the man. In one-third of infertile couples, the problem can't be identified or is with both the man and woman.

About 9% of men and about 11% of women of reproductive age in the United States have experienced fertility problems. When the exact cause of the infertility remains unknown or unexplained, the situation is called idiopathic infertility.

Treatments for infertility can range from medications to embryo implantation through assisted reproductive technology (ART). In 85% to 90% of cases, infertility is treated with conventional medical therapies, such as medication or surgery.

Adapted from National Institutes of Health (NIH), Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, About Infertility and Fertility at https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/infertility/conditioninfo